Description of city pattern of Prague

Basic data

Municipal District Prague 11 is located in the south eastern part, ca. 12 km from the center of Prague agglomeration. Prague 11 is together with Praha – Křeslice, Praha – Šeberov and Praha – Újezd the part of The Administrative district Prague 11.

Self-governing division of Prague:

The City of Prague is internally divided into 22 administrative districts and into 57 municipal districts. Municipal districts are administered by the councils. Their decision carries out the municipalities of municipal districts. Administration of the quarter Prague 11 Belongs to the system of the independent administration and action of the Capital Prague. The position, organizational structure and action are given by the constitutional law of Prague, by the statute of the Capital and other binding legal prescriptions as well as by the resolutions of the organs of the quarter und further internal prescriptions.


●      Area of The Municipal district Prague 11: 979 ha

○      It consists of two cadastral parts:

                                      ■Chodov - 743 ha

                                      ■Háje - 236 ha

○      The above sea level of the quarter::

                                      ■maximal 320 m

                                      ■minimal 240 m

○      Distance from the City Centre:  cca 8 km

○      Number of population at 31.12.2010: 78 575

 

Emblem and flag were granted on 12th April 1994 the then Municipal district Prague – South City. Since the 18th November of that year, after changing the name of the district, belongs to Prague 11.

The emblem of Prague 11 is silver-blue shield with an askew lying gold key with the square head. The flag is formed similarly: the upper stripe is white, downer blue and rough both of them obliquely upwards to the mast placed key.


Detailed information on the composition of the population, household structure, noise load, etc. can be found in the synoptic study of South City - a place to live, which includes an extensive survey among residents, and also presents the definition of the current state and future outlook.

http://www.praha11.cz/cs/rozvoj-a-regenerace/regenerace-jizniho-mesta/jizni-mesto-8211-misto-pro-zivot/faktografie.html

 

Formation and evolution

The town district Prague 11, established in November 1990 under the name Prague – South City, carries today’s label since 1994. South City originated in the second half of the 20th century. Then, in the sixties of last century, in Prague and its vicinity were looking for suitable areas for construction of big houses with lots of files necessarily needed flats. Housing construction in Prague has been too long neglected. Attention was focused on largely free land register of Chodov and Háje, which were still located outside the boundaries of the Capital. Indicative development plan of 1964 it determinated as one of the best in terms of natural qualities of housing. Residential area under consideration was also placed for easy supply of electricity, gas and water. In this region in that time was preparing the construction of water main from Želivka and passed it planned highway route. The area was lying in the marginal position of significant landscape. Terrain modelling and the presence of significant natural features, how then the situation described experts, were allowed the creation of a green belt around the entire future city.  It was also proceeded to the development of dam of Hostivař in the valley Botič, whose vicinity transformed the planting into a recreational park. The quality still belongs to the merits of the now existing settlements to about eighty thousand people. But in the meantime passed the decades, marked by searching, seeking, as well as reducing the possibilities to solve the task of such magnitude, which was the construction of extremely large residential project.

Detailed territorial plan of the Southern City prepared the author team Jan Krásný, Jiří Lasovský and Miroslav Řihošek with the autor’s cooperation by J. Zelený, J. Záruba, V. Rothbauerová, K. Poličanský, J. Kaufman, E. Hlaváček and Z. Burianová. The plan, approved in the end of 1968, based on the original winning design and used the natural conditions for the creation of a district city department, in which will be workplaces and places to relaxation situated in the immediate vicinity. The contact between nature and buildings was the dominant feature. East of highway under construction had been designed three residential areas, determined as files, namely Háje, Opatov and Litochleby. Each was determined for 16,5 – 19,5 thousands inhabitants. The next set Chodov was considered as complementary. The planned centre was located around the station Opatov in contact with three sets, except the set Háje, in the most attractive urban space. On the concentration generally required objects in this place was established east park, while the second axis of the green headed from there to north, where it followed the park over Hostivařská dam and by the opposite direction headed from the center to the south, to the forest of Milíčov. 

Many changes and modifications still followed, the number of considered flats increased and therefore the number of future residents. The solution of residential district was in coming years elaborated by detailed regional documentation. On the area of 1200 hectares was designed around 2000 housing units for 73400 – 80000 people. Meanwhile, our region experienced a significant transformation. To prepare of extensive housing construction of the Southern City occurred in connection with the construction. 

The first intervention in the soil directly associated with the subsequent large construction of the Southern City, have made geologists. In March 1967 was in Chodov delivered the trailer, used as the accommodation for three geologists from Project Institute of traffic and engineering constructions Prague. On the land register and direct on the streets drilled, but more often kicked probe, examined the composition of soil for future construction. The 1st January 1968 Chodov and Háje were connected to Prague. The first housing estate, named after the village Háje, was built since 1973. In today’s Mendelova street were built first residential houses, but at first used for the purposes of builders. Local center of Háje in the neigberhood of subway station and above recreation area in Hostivař had since the beginning greater social significance. Among other things here grew up the first so called Blue school. In these new Háje moved in 1976 the first inhabitants. Then the land registers of Háje and Chodov already quickly filled in with light grey new panel houses. Surrounded and partly also pervaded both villages. Among the residential buildings gradually arose areas of schools, kindergartens and nurseries, retail centers, medical facilities and accommodation, garages, etc. In 1979 began comprehensively carried out construction of the western part – South City II.

Gradually came to the area of ​​9.8 square meters a significant settlement in which lives about 1/13 inhabitants of the city. Large areas of greenery between the buildings maintained, disseminated on the new parks and alleys, follow the natural background with just three suburban forests.

Since the year 1980 to the serviceability help metro line C, identified as C2, with four stations in the region, a broad index bus accessibility in Prague and beyond. If the settlement of so many people were quite separate, it would be a solid big city. South City - Prague 11 is one slice of the Prague agglomeration and aspires to be occupied a corresponding position.


The environment

In the streets of Prague 11 can be seen cultivated greenery, planted and maintained according to plans and cargo of municipality. Terms of natural backgrounds,  follows in Horní Roztyly the part of Michelský forest and in Háje the part of greenery from left coast of the pond Botič by the reservoir Hostivař. Residents of Prague 11 also used Hostivař recreational forest, belonging to a relatively remote estate Prague 15, and forest of Kunratice,  also the next part of the forest of Michle. All three forests are directly linked to the residential buildings of our district.

 

Relief of the landscape and its composition

The region surface is predominantly sandy and clay soil. Below the top layer is mostly clay.

Terrain gradually turns into a drawn-out, not very pronounced ridge. It extend from the west coast Botič to the forest of Kunratice, where the valley is bounded with the pond of Kunratice. Among the highest hills belongs Háj and Vyšší Chodová. Today rather attracted the attention of a nearby artificial peak, called Milíčovský vrch, which is used to walking or recreational sports.

 

Vegetation

Most of territory of Prague 11 enough to intensive agricultural land use to get rid of the original vegetation in previous centuries. On the undeveloped and agricultural and horticultural unsused areas near streams can be found only secondary afforestation. The large area around and between objects in the South Town carry foliage gradually artificially planted in connection with its construction.

Greenery with artificially planted vegetation is located in the southern city on numerous and large areas. The planting is elaborated; the surviving trees are cared for. Planted trees are still rising, Parks areas are purposefully edited, new parks and avenues are created. Special position has the Central park, the place of the many activities.

 

Fauna

Throu the urban character of the region can not forget the fauna. The population interested primarily a set of ponds around Kunratice, Šeberov, Hrnčíře and Milíčov. Here are artificially bred fishes, naturally live here waterbirds, various amphibians, in dams are muskrats. In the adjacent forests live common game animals, even moufflon too. Special considerations are devoted to the swifts.

Protected areas close the Prague 11

Forest of Milíčov and ponds there – natural monument (town district Prague - Újezd), directly related to the territory of Prague 11.

Meadows of Hrnčíře – natural monument (town district Prague - Šeberov)

Meander of Botič – natural monument (town district Prague 15)

Valley of the Stream of Kunratice – natural monument (town district Prague - Kunratice)

 

Infrastructure

Currently is Prague 11 the largest housing estate in the Central Europe. Unlike many other whether Czech or European housing estates remained a high level of greenery, excellent accessibility and especially diverse social composition of the population and avoided the problems typical for other similar large housing estates – poor social conditions, ghetto, etc.

Not only the appearance of the city, but also its amenity and life in her undergoing further treatment. Remember, that in the construction of the city especially from the second half of the nineties of the 20th century appear architecturally significant buildings that are now visible elements characteristic. They complete and complement with the dominants the residential buildings of South Town. Growing number of institutions, organizations, schools, facilities with broader range, which choose their seat in Prague 11. End of the century have been taken to the recovery of residential buildings. Consuming and expensive recovery program now are influenced by large units. It contributes to the improvement of housing and the overall environment. The ongoing construction has been going on in the spirit of today. It is completing the older development; it is looking for the solutions to complete a new construction.

Prague 11 divides off the highway D11 from Prague to Brno, which is the main highway in the Czech Republic. This brings both positive impacts - excellent accessibility and negative in the form of increased emissions (but they are partially offset by three large parks on the border of Prague 11), noise pollution and the division of the South Town into two parts. Except the highway are main traffic arteries streets of Mírové hnutí, Opatovská and U Kunratického lesa, which are forming a sort of circle around the town district, and  the streets Roztylská, Türkova and Mírového hnutí, which are the main roads inside the town district. The most important part of public transport in Prague 11 is the metro line C (Prague has three metro lines - A, B, C) with the station Háje (end station), Opatov, Chodov and Roztyly.  

The majority of buildings in Prague 11 are buildings of panel type. This corresponds to the structure of housing, the dwellings in residential buildings account for roughly 93% of dwellings, while apartments in the famous family homes are approximately 7%. Likewise, it corresponds to the age of housing stock. 91.9% of housing stock was built between 1971 - 1990 and 5.4% after 1990. Regenerated is currently around 50% of residential buildings (calculated according to house numbers).

Apart from the shopping center Chodov Centre, a complex of office buildings, The Park, and several other office buildings built after 1990 are virtually all public buildings (schools, kindergartens, shops) (exceptions - Starochodovská school) built with a panel method.

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